It is the field of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, treatment and aesthetics of anatomical and dental disorders in the tooth. In orthodontic treatment, it is seriously difficult to care for teeth that are separated from the jawbone anatomically. For this reason, it causes gum and tooth decay diseases to occur.
In cases where the patient is not fully closed in the upper and lower teeth, loading occurs on the jaw and teeth. The aim of orthodontic treatment is to prevent the occurrence of discomfort in the mouth and teeth, to apply braces treatments if necessary, to add the necessary aesthetics to the mouth and teeth
It is performed by orthodontists who are experts in the field of orthodontic treatment for oral and dental health and aesthetics. Before starting the procedure, the specialist physician checks the mouth and jaw structure with a preliminary examination of the patient. Today, with the development of technology, the inspection control with the help of panoramic x-ray is controlled by digital. If the patient has decayed teeth, low fillings and gum diseases, these diseases are treated. Immediately after the impression process, teeth brackets are fixed to the patient’s teeth with the help of boding as applied to the extent taken. After these brackets are fixed, the back wire is passed through the brackets and the wire treatment begins. Orthodontic treatment varies between six months and three years according to the structure and arrangement of the tooth. Since the treated teeth move slowly, the patient does not feel ache or pain.
Teeth Braces and Types
The braces used in oral and dental disorders vary in accordance with the dental structure and aesthetics of the patient in the treatment process. The important thing in the treatment and treatment process is the selection of braces that are suitable for the tooth and jaw structure. Teeth Braces and their types are divided into four.
- Ceramic Braces
- Lingual Braces
- Metal Braces
- Transparent Braces
Ceramic braces do not reveal the treatment process in terms of their stance and have an aesthetic appearance. Ceramic braces have increased the interest in adults with their resistance to friction, aesthetics and durability in adhesion, and the variety of color scales.
Orthodontic treatment related to dental arrangements and oral disorder is called braces attached to the inner part of the damaged tooth structure of the patient who will receive this treatment. Also known as internal teeth braces. The only advantage of the person using Lingual Braces is that the braces are not seen by anyone.
Metal braces are materials produced from stainless steel in orthodontic treatment methods between braces. Compared to the past, metal braces are more durable, aesthetic, smaller and more comfortable. If the patient wishes, it is colored with elastics and faster treatment is provided with less friction of the arch wires.
Transparent braces used in orthodontic treatments are easy, aesthetic, comfortable and easy to construct braces treatment method. Generally, transparent braces are one of the most used treatment methods due to the aesthetic considerations of the patients.