Prosthetic Dental Treatments

In general terms, prosthesis is the process of replacing tissues or organs that are missing or unable to function fully in the body with an artificial support. In dentistry, prosthesis is the replacement of the missing tooth with a new artificial tooth made by using various materials.

Prosthetic dental treatment is one of 8 different specialties in dentistry that aims to restore the lost aesthetics and function to the patient. Dental prosthesis is applied by prosthodontist physicians known as specialists. Considering the criteria such as bone color, skin color, tooth size of the prosthesis to be applied, It is important to choose a personalized. No matter how important the aesthetic appearance is, The primary principle is restoring functional disorders such as chewing and speech to the patient.

Prosthetic dental treatment is generally applied to patients who are late for treatment and have lost their teeth. It is named according to the materials used in this treatment. It can be evaluated under two main headings as fixed and removable prosthesis.

 

Fixed Prosthesis

In cases where one or more teeth are missing, it is a type of prosthesis that is fixed with some chemicals in the mouth, supported by existing teeth or implants. The most commonly used fixed prosthesis types;

Crown (veneer): It is the veneer applied in cases where there is material loss such as fractures, large caries and which disrupt the integrity of the tooth. It is applied on the slightly reduced tooth. It can also be preferred for purposes such as closing the spaces between the teeth.

Crown (veneer): It is the veneer applied in cases where there is material loss such as fractures, large caries and which disrupt the integrity of the tooth. It is applied on the slightly reduced tooth. It can also be preferred for purposes such as closing the spaces between the teeth.

Metal Supported Porcelain Veneer: These veneers, which are made of metal inside and porcelain on the outside, are not preferred by patients with high aesthetic expectations as they cannot reflect the light in the desired naturalness. However, it is a durable and affordable type of veneer.

Zirconium Veneers: Zirconium veneers, which are closest to the natural tooth appearance, are the most ideal veneer type for reasons such as not causing problems in teeth and gums.

Ceramic veneers: They are reinforced porcelain veneers made by abrasion without reducing the tooth too much. It is a frequently used method especially in restoring anterior teeth. Compared to composite veneers, it is more successful in terms of aesthetics.

Implant

One of the most commonly used prostheses in tooth loss is an implant. By placing an artificial tooth root on the jawbone, prostheses of different materials can be placed on the applied implant.

Removable Prostheses

The removable prosthesis applied to patients who have lost all their teeth is popularly known as a palate prosthesis. In addition to speech and feeding problems, patients who have lost all their teeth also experience aesthetically undesirable conditions such as shrinking of the lips. Removable palate prostheses are designed with support from the tissues in the mouth.

Implant Top Prostheses

This method, which can be applied to people who have no teeth but whose bone structure is suitable for implants, is based on the principle of ensuring the attachment of removable or fixed prostheses. By increasing the holding power of the prostheses fixed to the slots in the implants in the jaw, it gives the person speech and chewing function.